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CLOSED FRIDAY, AUGUST 19/22

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In Store Shopping available!

Plainsman Pottery Supply is now open for in-store shopping. We are limiting in-store shopping to 4 people at a time, and properly fitted masks are required.

Curbside Pickup orders may still be placed via email at larry@plainsmanclays.com, or over the phone by calling 780-440-4791.

Click the links to the left to get information and pricing on our products. Click the "Plainsman Data Sheets" for details information on the use and Plainsman clay bodies and glazes. The blog below is intended to help you with all manner of technical issues in ceramic hobby production, these posts come every few days, so check back often.

Technical Tips Blog

New iron-red glaze on porcelain at cone 6 oxidation

Two iron red mugs

This is the G3948A recipe. Iron red glazes are easy to do in high-temperature reduction but not so in medium-temperature oxidation. Most people just try a bunch of recipes they find online hoping that one of them actually fires the way it is shown in the picture! A better approach for us was to study a range of ones claiming to be iron reds looking for things in common with the chemistries and recipes. G3948A, on these two M370 mugs, is a product of that. Unlike many, the original recipe we found, G3948, did have a suggested firing schedule. It seemed strange so we just used the standard C6DHSC slow-cool schedule. That one is also ideal for the liner glazes, giving them a better gloss finish. It was not tempting to even try the original recipe (because it measured up poorly against common sense recipe limits), but it did make sense to fix obvious issues and then try it. Unlike every other recipe we have seen, this one suffers no issues with gelling of the slurry because it contains no Gerstley Borate and uses black iron oxide. It has very good application properties and requires only 80 water for each 100 powder to mix as a creamy dipping glaze. And it does not need any lithium carbonate.

Context: Iron red on porcelain and a red burning stoneware, Iron Red Glaze

Sunday 14th August 2022

Mod Podge clay sealer

Available at Walmart, Amazon, Michaels and others. It was water-based, non-toxic, "top-rack dishwasher safe" and dries to a hard finish. This makes it potentially useful to seal porous ceramic such as terra cotta and dolomite or talc white-burning bodies, even functional ware.

Context: Silicone sealer for porous ceramic for outdoor use, ModPodge clay sealer

Friday 12th August 2022

Large Snow plate fired at cone 04

The plate was made by Karel Peeters, Aug 2022. The glazes are from Spectrum, they are watered down and applied using a gravity feed sprayer. It is the higher porosity of Plainsman Snow that makes the use of these watery gummed glazes possible (older talc bodies would not have worked with this method). Large pieces like this are extremely difficult at stoneware temperatures because of difficult drying, high firing shrinkages and extended firing schedules. But these are non-issues with Snow, it is super plastic yet dries exceptionally well, has zero firing shrinkage and can be fired in a fraction of the time! These factors coupled with the brilliant colors possible at low temperatures make this body an attractive option for potters to make extra money with less effort.

Friday 12th August 2022

Terra Sigilatta surface on a dolomite white earthenware

The clay is Plainsman Snow fired at cone 04. August 2022 by Nina Berinstein. Very thin and light pieces can be made without danger of warping during firing (because this clay as zero fired shrinkage). This piece was treated with Mod Podge, this has sealed it against water penetration and not affected the appearance or texture.

Context: Silicone sealers prevent water absorbing in porous ceramic, The high porosity of this clay body is what makes it easy to seal against water leakage, ModPodge clay sealer, Terra Sigilatta

Friday 12th August 2022

The Iron-Red mechanism is working in one base but not the other

Iron red glazed cups

These two pieces were fired in the same kiln using the C6DHSC firing schedule. Fluid melts are an essential enabler of crystal growth during cooldown, both of these contain significant Li2O to help the B2O3 achieve that. Glaze #1, G3948A, has less iron than is typical and much more MgO/CaO. Glaze #2 has much more Na2O and it has both SrO and ZnO that #1 does not have. #2 is much higher in Al2O3 and has more than double the amount of SiO2. So which of all these factors is responsible for #2 having zero crystals? Very likely its low CaO/MgO levels. Fixing it does not appear practical because of the "major surgery" needed to exchange ZnO/SrO for MgO and the extra B2O3 needed to restore the melt. Since #1 has a low thermal expansion it should fit most bodies anyway.

Context: Fix obvious issues in Glazy recipes before even trying them, How to keep an iron-red glaze from being a bucket-of-jelly, Iron Red Glaze

Wednesday 3rd August 2022

Delflocculation is a "magic process", appreciate it

Two almost-full containers of clay powder, one half full of water

Casting slips require a minimum of water. Amazingly, it is possible to get this 3000g of M370 powder into only 1100g of water! And the fluid slurry produced, 2250cc, still fits in the container. How is this possible? That water has 11 grams of Darvan 7 deflocculant in it, it causes the clay particles to electrolytically repel each other! An awareness of “the magic” can help give you the determination to master deflocculation, the key enabler of the slip casting process. Determination? Yes, the process is fragile, must develop the ability to “discover” the right amount of Darvan for your clay mix and water supply. And the ability to recognize what is wrong with a slurry that is not working (too much or little water, too much or little deflocculant).

Context: Deflocculants: A Detailed Overview, Understanding the Deflocculation Process in Slip Casting, Propeller Mixer, Deflocculation, Slip Casting

Saturday 30th July 2022

Drying shrinkage + firing shrinkage ≠ total shrinkage

Plainsman Clays, for example, publishes dry and fired shrinkage data for their clay bodies. The former is the shrinkage from wet-to-dry. The latter is the shrinkage from dry-to-fired. You cannot add the dry and fired numbers together to get the total because the two are based on different starting points. Consider this example: 6.25 dry shrinkage + 6.66 fired = 12.9 whereas the actual total shrinkage is 12.5%. Shown is the way to calculate the total shrinkage correctly if you only have drying and fired values (thanks to Tom Hittie for deriving this for us). Of course no one is going to bother actually doing this calculation! So just remember that the actual total is a little less than adding the two together.

Context: Firing Shrinkage, Drying Shrinkage

Monday 25th July 2022

Liquify a pint of brushing glaze so well it does not need sieving

This photo shows a method we used to use for adding CMC gum solution to glazes to make them brushable, this made it possible to produce high specific gravity slurries. But we don't do it this way any more. The reason is that kitchen blender. It can mix a slurry containing gum powders quickly and thoroughly, even on low speed. There is another thing we also do now: Make low specific gravity glazes, they are more brushable. That can be accomplished by also adding Veegum (it also gels the slurry). Commercial brushing glazes are made this way, that is why they often require many coats to get adequate thickness. In this example of cone 6 black G3914A, we added 5g Veegum and 5g of CMC gum to 340g of ball milled glaze powder. After shaking it together in a plastic bag and adding it to 440g of water the blender turns it into a gelled slurry that is a delight to paint with. This process produced just the right amount to fill a 500ml jar.

Context: Alberta Slip based black passed all four leaching tests, Your supplier is out of stock on glossy black glaze? We made our own., Brushing Glaze

Friday 22nd July 2022

Alberta Slip based black passed all four leaching tests

Four black-glazed test tiles

This is the G3914A recipe on Plainsman M340 test tiles. They were fired at cone 04 using the PLC6DS schedule. We tested them in four different caustic liquids (using the GLLE test), there is no sign of leaching on any of them. This recipe contains only 4% black stain, that is enough to stain the base GA6-B glaze to a jet black. The surface has a unique iridescence not found in any other glossy black we have used.

Context: Liquify a pint of brushing glaze so well it does not need sieving, Cone 6 oil-spot glaze effect, what works and does not work?, Two black cone 6 glazes recipes. One is much safer., Your supplier is out of stock on glossy black glaze? We made our own.

Sunday 17th July 2022

A practical dust collector you can make

A dust removal box

An example of a custom-made dust collection hood in our repackaging and lab recipe mixing area. The slots along the front suck particles into the duct directly away from the operator's face. Suction comes from a centrifugal exhaust fan downstream where the pipe exits the building, it is driven by a 3/4hp motor (these fans are best at sucking, not blowing, so they need to be located at the exit). About 40 feet of 8 inch heating pipe connects from the hood to a fitting that expands to 12 inches going into the fan. The sliding damper above the hood enables stopping all airflow (to prevent heat loss during cold days). Notice it is located above the scale and heat sealer where most dust is generated during weighing and packaging.

Context: Dealing With Dust in Ceramics, Toxicity, Slurry Mixing and Dewatering Your Own Clay Body

Friday 15th July 2022

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Plainsman Pottery Supply, 9517 - 41 Ave NW, EDMONTON, AB T6E 5X7
Phone: 780-440-4791, FAX: 780-490-7591, Email: larry@plainsmanclays.com